Yesterday morning we looked at several Bible passages that pointed toward the virgin birth. I’ve had a couple of requests to post my notes, or at least provide a list of references, for those who weren’t able to keep notes. And I’m happy to oblige. So, here are the references, in the order they were presented in the message, along with a couple of notes and quotes that I relied upon:
Genesis 3: 8-15
1 Chronicles. 5:1-2
2 Kings 15:37-16:9
virgin–from a root, “to lie hid,” virgins being closely kept from men’s gaze in their parents’ custody in the East. The Hebrew, and the Septuagint here, and Greek ( Matthew 1:23 ), have the article, the virgin — some definite one known to the speaker and his hearers.
It’s possible that the primary prophecy concerns Messiah as a promise of deliverance to Judah – and to Israel as a whole. But, the immediate prophecy concerning a child reaching an age of knowledge may refer to Shear-jashub, whom God specifically told Isaiah to take with him. There’s no reason for the boy to be there unless maybe he is the direct object of the timeframe given by God, a foreshadow of the one who would be born by a virgin and be the redeemer and deliver of the people.
Barnes writes, “Of both her kings – Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the temple, and sent it as a present to the king of Assyria. Induced by this, the king of Assyria marched against Damascus and killed Rezin, 2 Kings 16:9. This occurred but a short time after the threatened invasion of the land by Rezin and Remaliah, in the “third” year of the reign of Ahaz, and, consequently, about one year after this prophecy was delivered. Pekah, the son of Remaliah, was slain by Hoshea, the son of Elah, who conspired against him, killed him, and reigned in his stead. This occurred in the fourth year of the reign of Ahaz, for Pekah reigned twenty years. Ahaz began to reign in the seventeenth year of the reign of Pekah, and as Pekah was slain after he had reigned twenty years, it follows that he was slain in the fourth year of the reign of Ahaz – perhaps not more than two yearn after this prophecy was delivered; see 2 Kings 15:27, 2 Kings 15:30; 2 Kings 16:1. We have thus arrived at a knowledge of the time intended by Isaiah in Isaiah 7:16. The whole space of time was not, probably, more than two years.
Matthew 1:18 and forward.
And here’s a direct link to the message: